Implementing National Biosafety Frameworks in the Caribbean Sub-Region Post-Release Monitoring of Genetically Modified Crop Plants

Title

Implementing National Biosafety Frameworks in the Caribbean Sub-Region Post-Release Monitoring of Genetically Modified Crop Plants

Description

During the development process of a new genetically modified (GM) crop plant, the developer
will repeatedly monitor and evaluate the plant’s agronomic performance, its morphology and
reproductive biology, and its interactions with the environment. This monitoring process has
two main purposes: 1) to gather data regarding the crop plant’s potential value to farmers, food
processors, and consumers, and; 2) to gather data regarding the crop plant’s environmental
and food safety. Generally, once these purposes are met, i.e., the plant is determined to
be agronomically valuable and safe, the developer may apply to government regulators for
permission to release the plant as a commercial crop. Depending on the crop, the genetically
modified traits, the familiarity of regulators with the specific crop/trait combination, and other
factors, the regulatory authorisation for commercial release may include requirements for
post-release monitoring (PRM). In addition, developers may choose to conduct PRM to collect
data for their own uses. Post-release monitoring of GM crop plants is generally conducted to
address one or more of three different needs:
• To ensure that products continue to meet the needs of farmers. An example of this would
be monitoring for the incidence of insect resistance to a Bt toxin expressed by a GM
cotton variety,
• To increase general scientific knowledge. An example of this would be monitoring to
determine if farmers are changing crop management practices after adopting a particular
GM crop variety, and
• To inform risk assessments and regulatory decision-making regarding GM plants. An
example would be monitoring to confirm the findings of a prior environmental risk
assessment.
The purpose of this document is to provide guidance, through citations to the published
literature and documents developed by governmental and non-governmental organisations,
regarding when it may be appropriate for regulators to require PRM and how monitoring
should be conducted.

Creator

Regional Project for Implementing National Biosafety Frameworks in the Caribbean Sub-region

Contributor

UWI, ICGEB, UNEP, GEF

Format

PDF

Language

English

Files

Citation

Regional Project for Implementing National Biosafety Frameworks in the Caribbean Sub-region, “Implementing National Biosafety Frameworks in the Caribbean Sub-Region Post-Release Monitoring of Genetically Modified Crop Plants,” Biodiversity Conference Virtual Kiosk, accessed November 23, 2020, http://virtual-kiosk.cbd.int/items/show/10.